German authorities paid nearly 250 people who were prosecuted or investigated under Nazi-era law criminalizing homosexuality that continued to be vigorously enforced after World War II
BERLIN – German authorities will pay nearly 250 people accused or investigated under Nazi -era law criminalizing homosexuality that continued to be vigorously enforced after World War II.
The Federal Office of Justice said Monday that, as of the end of August, 317 people had applied for compensation and it had been paid in 249 cases. So far, it has paid nearly 860,000 euros (more than $ 1 million).
Fourteen applications are still being processed, 18 were rejected and 36 were withdrawn, the office said. The deadline for applications is July 21 next year.
German lawmakers in 2017 approved the repeal of thousands of beliefs under Article 175 of the Act, which remained in force in West Germany in this form during the Nazi era until homosexuality was decriminalized in 1969. They clarified the method for payment of 3,000 euros per conviction, plus 1,500 euros for each year of imprisonment time that the convict began.
The law criminalizing male homosexuality was introduced in the 19th century, enacted under Nazi rule and maintained in that form by democratic West Germany, convicting approximately 50,000 men between 1949. at 1969.
Homosexuality was decriminalized in 1969 but the law was not removed throughout the book until 1994.
In 2000, the German parliament approved a resolution regretting the fact that Paragraph 175 had been retained after the war. Two years later, it repealed the beliefs of gay men under Nazi rule but not the beliefs after the war.
Compensation also applies to men convicted of communism in East Germany, which had a more modest version of Paragraph 175 and decriminalized homosexual in 1968.
In all, about 68,300 people were convicted under various forms of Paragraph 175 in the same German state.